This Pillar is developing a monitoring schema for the range of soil functions associated with different soil types, land-uses and European major climatic zones (Boreal, Atlantic, Continental, Mediterranean and Pannonian) (regional scale). Many indicators have been developed in the past which focus on threats to soil quality (Kibblewhite et al., 2008) but this terminology has proven difficult to communicate with farmers and land-managers at the local scale (Schulte et al., 2014).
Therefore LANDMARK is focusing on indicators that provide the end-user with an assessment of soil functionality instead of threats. The selection of indicators has been performed on existing datasets, as several of the project partners have large scale databases on measurements of soil functions. The selection of these regional indicators is synchronous and harmonised with the selection of the on-farm in Pillar 1, and has been reviewed with the main stakeholders of this Pillar. The regional indicators are tested at 100 sites across Europe, based on a soil diagnostic features x land-use matrix for the major climatic zones of Europe. Pillar 2 team is co-ordinated by Prof Rachel Creamer (Wageningen University). More info here.